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Fertility

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) or Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

IVF is a four-stage process which includes ovarian stimulation, monitoring, and ovulation triggering, egg retrieval or ovum pick-up (OPU), fertilisation, and embryo transfer.

In an IVF cycle, eggs and sperm are collected and placed together in a dish to fertilise. The embryos produced from a successful fertilisation will be transferred into woman’s uterus. Potential surplus embryos can be kept frozen for future use.

ICSI is a procedure where a single sperm is injected directly into each egg. ICSI is often used if the male partner has a very low sperm count, low motility or poor sperm quality. Once fertilisation occurs, embryo transfer and freezing follows, similar to IVF.